Wedding Rituals of Different Religions

Marwadi Weddding

Marwadi weddings connote customs, rituals and elaborate celebrations. A conventional Marwadi wedding ceremony mostly lasts for four to five days. The function is divided into three parts pre wedding ceremony, main day ceremony and post wedding ceremony.

Since I myself am a Marwadi, I have a deep understanding & knowledge about all the customs and traditions that takes place in Marwadi Weddings. Our company has already planned a lot of Marwadi Weddings in India & Abroad. Given below are customs & traditions that generally takes places in Marwadi Weddings for those who are not aware of the same.

Pre-Wedding Rituals

Barni Bandhwana: This ritual is done fifteen days before the actual wedding, on an auspicious day. The pandit performs a puja to Lord Ganesh during which a thread is tied to the hands of the groom and his parents. This puja is performed to request Lord Ganesh that the ceremony culminates without obstacles. After that day, the family performs puja to Lord Ganesh regularly until after the wedding is over.

Byaha Haath: This ceremony signifies the purifying of the mind, body and soul of bride and groom. This daytime ceremony prepares both of them for the nuptials. ‘Uptan’ is a mixed paste of sandalwood, turmeric and rose water which is applied by unmarried seven female members of the families and to the faces, hands and feet of the bride and groom. After this ceremony the bride and the groom are not allowed to step outside the house before the actual wedding.

Mayara: This is a vital ceremony, common to both the bride and the groom’s families. This ceremony is performed by the maternal uncle of the groom/bride, who, along with his wife and family, is received by the bride/groom’s mother with the traditional welcome. The clothes given by uncle are then worn by the family during the wedding.

Sangeet Sandhya: This is an evening of musical entertainment. The groom’s family puts on a show for the groom and bride. It is through this event the bride is introduced with the family members of the groom.

Tilak Ceremony: It is an auspicious mark on forehead using Kumkum, a red turmeric powder. This symbolizes auspiciousness. The male members of the bride’s family like her father, brother, uncles tilak the groom’s forehead. This is followed by giving some gifts to the groom and the groom’s family members requesting them to take care of the bride later.

Mehendi: Applying Mehendi is a symbol of good luck. Normally it is the custom for the bride whose hand and legs are beautifully decorated with mehendi paste. It is believed that more dark the colour of mehendi comes on the hand of bride, luckier she is. This ceremony is held on the eve of the main wedding.

Barat: Here on the Wedding day, groom starts for the bride’s house on a decorated horse or a car. This is a royal ceremony where the groom is dressed in sherwani and churidar. On his head is the turban with floral veil covering his face. Before he starts Tilak is applied on his forehead and his sisters feed the horse with sweetened grains. Welcome songs are sung on his arrival at the bride’s place. Then the groom knocks the door with his sword and enters.

Wedding Rituals

Var Mala: Here the groom is taken to a scaffold where he is barraged by the bride with flowers. The Groom’s family member saves him with a shield. The bride does this while circling the groom four times. Soon after this, the groom and bride exchange garlands or “var mala” signifying their acceptance of each other as husband and wife. Then groom’s mother-in-law puts kajal and does Arti to ward off evil spirits.

Havan: The custom denotes the original main wedding ceremony. The priest ties the end of the groom’s dhoti or the kurta; with that of the bride’s saree, the knot connotes the sacred wedlock. The groom and the bride then take seven circles called “phere”, taking seven vows to be fulfilled in the married life, after which they are considered to be ‘married’ to each other.

Phere: The Bride and and the groom takes seven circles of the havan taking seven vows, which are:

» “With God as our guide, let us take the first step to live with honour and respect. Let us walk together so we get food.”

» “Let us be happy and enjoy life. Let us walk together so we grow together in strength.”

» “Let us share joys and pains together. Let us walk together so we get wealth.”

» “Let us not forget parents and elders. Let us walk together so we get happiness by sharing our joys and sorrows.”

» “Let us observe all acts of charity. Let us walk together so we have family.”

» “Let us live a long and peaceful life. Let us walk together so we have joy.”

» “Let us be friends with love and sacrifice. Let us walk together so we have friendship.”

After the seventh step, the bride and the groom are pronounced husband and wife.

Kanya Daan: This ritual is basically performed by the bride’s father in presence of a large gathering. The father delivers his daughter to the bridegroom. The groom recites Vedic hymns to Kama, the god of love, for pure love and blessings.

Vidaai: It is the most emotional ritual in the whole wedding as the bride leaves her parent’s house and goes to her husband’s house. The family and friends gives her a tearful farewell. All the elders shower blessing on the newly wedded couple.

Post-Wedding Rituals

Griha Pravesh: the bride’s mother-in-law welcomes her on arrival at her new home in a traditional Aarti. She puts her right foot onto a tray of vermilion powder mixed in water or milk, representing the arrival of good fortune and purity then she kicks over a vessel filled with rice and coins to symbolize the arrival of fertility and wealth in her marital home.

Dwar-Rokai: This is a very interesting ritual where the bride is stopped at the door by her sister-in-laws. An earthen vessel is kept where the sister/aunt uses a mixture of salt and water to get rid off evil spirits from the groom. After this, the pot is thrown on the ground and destroyed. Then the couple enter the house.

Mooh Dikhai: The family now starts a series of games and post-wedding rituals, amidst much laughter to make the new member feel comfortable. One such ritual is the Mooh dikhai where the bride gets to know the family members.

Gujarati Wedding

Gujarati wedding is a ceremonial concept like any other Indian marriages. It is inexorably a storehouse of assorted fun-filled rituals and many a religious occasion. We being from Surat – Gujarat itself have done a lot of Gujarati weddings and are well versed with all the customs & Traditions that takes place in Gujarati Weddings. For those who don’t know much about Gujarati Weddings, given below is a brief about it for better understanding.

Matchmaking

Gujaratis make matches for their daughters and sons within their own communities. Like most of the other Indian communities the father of the girl searches for his daughter’s mate as soon as she grows up. Gujaratis prefer that the boy and girl see each other and take the decision of marrying or not marrying.

Pre-Wedding Rituals

A number of pre-wedding rituals take place in a Gujarati wedding.

Mandap Mahurat: This ceremony takes place at the beginning of most prosperous events to get blessings of Lord Ganesha, the Hindu God who is believed to remove all impediments. The families of the bride and the groom perform this ceremony in their homes a few days before the wedding.

Griha Shanti: This is a vital puja and is done at the bride’s and the groom’s home individually. This is an auspicious time after matching the horoscopes of the soon-to-be bride and groom. The puja for Griha Shanti is done by a hindu priest with the family members and relatives of the bride’s father taking part in the rituals.

Jaan: This is an interesting ritual, which involves the groom arriving at the house of the bride to seek the blessing of his mother-in-law. According to the custom, the groom must bow his head and his mother-in-law holds his nose. This gesticulation symbolizes his humbleness and understanding of the great sacrifice that his future wife is about to make. The groom’s prospective mother-in-law blesses him and performs a small ritual to avert the evil eye.

Wedding Rituals

A number of inimitable and colourful rituals make Gujarati wedding different from other Indian weddings

Antarpaat: The bride’s maternal uncle (mama) carries the bride to the canopy (mandap). There is a curtain known as Antarpaat, which separates the bride and groom. When it is lowered the couple garland each other.

Madhuparka: Madhuparka is to be done after the Jaimala ceremony. The ritual includes washing of the groom’s feet while sitting under the Mandap. He is then offered milk and honey. Following this is the most interesting custom, which most of the Indian weddings follow – the hiding of the groom’s shoes by his sister-in-law. The groom has to get back his shoes at the end of the day and for this he has to offer them a sum of money, which is agreeable to them.

Hasta Milap: Here, the groom’s shawl is tied to the bride’s sari. The knot and the joined hands of the couple signify the togetherness of two souls joined together in holy matrimony. The priest chants mantras to summon the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Parvati for the saubhagyavrata or wife. The family and relatives also come together to consecrate the couple and shower grains of rice and rose petals on them.

Kanya Daan: The wedding rituals are performed in front of a holy fire and conducted by the acharya. It is believed that fire intakes all bad evils. The rituals begin with the kanya daan where in the bride is given away by her parents. As a ritual, bride’s parents desist from eating to make themselves pure in body and mind for the occasion. Their folded hands during Kanya daan ceremony reflect the hope that their son-in-law will take good care of their daughter and never cause her pain. They wash his feet, as per the believe that he is none other than the Lord Vishnu, to whom they are handing over his rightful companion, the Goddess Laxmi in the form of their daughter.

Pheras: The couple goes around the sacred fire as the priest recites mantras. The groom also does the same, which express his heart’s desire, and seeks the loving support of his wife.

Saptapadi: The Saptapadi (seven-steps) is another important ritual of the Gujarati wedding ceremony. The couple must go around the sacred fire seven times. The groom chants mantras with each step. These are wishes to his wife take good care of the house, cook nourishing and healthy food for their family, be frugal with money, be an sympathetic and partisan partner to him, etc. The bride promises to fulfil these requests. 

Post-Wedding Rituals

“Saubhagyavati Bhava” and the “Vidaai” embrace are post wedding rituals of a Gujarati wedding. The elderly married women of the girl’s family whisper “Aashirwaad”, blessings into the right ear of the bride. While the Vidaai ceremony has the girl leaving for the groom’s house in an especially decorated car with flowers. The ceremony marks the beginning of a new life for the new couple.

Reception: The reception is usually held soon after the wedding. It is an opportunity for relatives; friends and well-wishers to bless the newly wedded bride and groom, then enjoy a opulent meal with them and give them gifts.

Ghar Nu Laxmi: The first step of the bride into her new home is considered lucky. She is referred as the “ghar nu laxmi” or the Goddess Lakshmi who will bring wealth and good fortune to her home. The mother-in-law places a vessel full of rice, at the entrance of the house. The bride must knock the vessel down gently with her right foot, spilling some of the rice over. The rice is a symbol of prosperity and by following the ritual she express her full understanding of her duties and responsibilities towards her new home.

Aeki-Beki: It is a ritual, kind of a game though for the newly wed couple. It is played at the groom’s place in front of relatives. In this, several coins and a ring are placed in a tray of water mixed with milk and vermilion. It is believed that the person, who finds the ring, first, would be the ruler of the house.

Punjabi Wedding

Punjabi Weddings are characterized by their boisterous celebrations that are a reflection of their exuberance towards life in general. The Punjabis, known for their zest for life, vivaciousness and of course, the bhangra, know how to pull all stops when it comes to celebrating.

We at Cheers Events have done numerous Punjabi weddings and are well versed with all aspects of Punjabi Wedding whether it’s their special cocktail parties, to never ending DJ nights to royal gala dinner arrangements for groom’s side during reception. With our wide range of entertainment options we can guarantee that the fun will never end throughout the wedding.

Given below are Punjabi Wedding rituals for those who don’t know about them:

Pre – Wedding Rituals

Roka: The Roka ceremony is the informal agreement between the families of the bride and the groom. Usually conducted at the girl’s house, it involves a small puja and exchange of gifts between the families.

Mangni, Sagaai, or Kudmai: This ritual marks the ring ceremony in according to the Punjabi ritual and marks the formal ‘asking’ of the bride’s hand in marriage by the groom’s family. Both the bride and the groom receive lots of gifts from their in-laws during the occasion of their engagement.

Sagan and Chunni Chadana: On this occasion, the bride is presented a red chunni by her sister/sister-in-law of her future husband and is fed boiled rice and milk by her future mother-in-law. A havan is also conducted to observe these rituals. Also a tika ceremony is held in the honor of the bridegroom.

Sangeet: Sangeet ceremonies are fun filled occasion and a time for singing and dancing to the beats of dholak and tunes of latest pop music. The sangeet is often combined with a cocktail party.

Mehandi: The Mehendi function pertains to the decoration of the bride’s hand by the henna that has been sent over by her future mother-in-law. An excuse for more merry-making, there is lot of music and dance during the mehendi function along with delicious snacks.

Vatna:  A couple of days prior to the wedding, Vatna, a scented powder consisting of barley flour, turmeric, and mustard oil is applied to the bodies of both the bride and the groom-to-be and is followed by a ritual bath. It is believed that the application of the Vatna purifies the individual

Chuda Ceremony: The chuda ceremony is supposed to be conducted by the maternal uncle, who helps the bride put on the set of a red and cream ivory bangles known as Chuda. A havan is performed by a priest to mark this occasion. The priest also places an iron bangle with shells and beads along with a mauli on the girl’s priest. Flower petals are showered on the girl after the ceremony and prasad is distributed among all.

Wedding Rituals

Ghara Ghardoli: Conducted early on the morning of the wedding day itself, the Ghara Ghardoli ritual involves the groom’s sister-in-law along with other female relatives going to a nearby well or Gurudwara to fill up a earthern pitcher with water that the groom will use during his bath.

Sehrabandi: The Sehrabandi takes place as the groom is getting ready to leave for the marriage venue. The crown or the turban he is supposed to wear is blessed by the elders and he is given cash gifts.

Ghodi, Vag Goodti and Duppata Varna: The groom’s bhabi lines his eyes with surma (kohl). After this, the groom’s sisters and cousins feed and decorate his mare. His relatives use cash for the varna, a ceremony that is supposed to ward off the evil eye where cash is given away to the poor.

Milni: As the barat procession reaches the wedding venue, they are greeted at the door by the bride’s family who garland the groom and his close relatives. Then they present shagun or gifts to the all the groom’s relatives.

Varmala/ Jaimala: It refers to the exchange of the garlands by the bride and the groom

Havan: The Punjabi wedding ceremony generally takes place late in the evening, after dinner. As the auspicious time for the marriage comes near, a puja is performed for the groom by the priest. Then as the bride is escorted to the wedding mandap, the priest performs another puja with the couple and their respective parents.

Pheras: The couple goes around the sacred fire as the priest recites mantras. The groom also does the same, which express his heart’s desire, and seeks the loving support of his wife.

Kanya Daan: This ritual is basically performed by the bride’s father in presence of a large gathering. The father delivers his daughter to the bridegroom. The groom recites Vedic hymns to Kama, the god of love, for pure love and blessings.

Post Wedding Rituals

Vidaai: As the name suggest, the ritual of Vidaai marks the departure of the bride from her parental place, which is marked by her throwing puffed rice over her head. Her relatives throw coins in the wake of this procession.

Reception at the boy’s house: The newly weds are welcomed in a ceremony called the pani bharna. Then the bride must, with her right foot, kick the sarson ka tel (mustard oil) that is put on the sides of the entrance door before she enters the house. Then, along with her husband, she must offer puja in their room. Then they must touch the feet of the elders in a ceremony called matha tekna. The rest of the evening is spent in playing enjoyable traditional games.

Phera dalna: This ritual marks the visit of the newly weds to the bride’s house a day after the wedding and usually the girl’s brother fetches the couple.

Sindhi Wedding

Sindhi people are basically Sanatani Hindus, who do not follow Hindu rites strictly. However, Sindhi marriage is conducted in accordance with the Vedic rites. Sindhi weddings reflect a blend of Hinduism and Sufism. Usually the weddings take place on the auspicious days like Satyanarayan Chandsi or the new moon day.

We at Cheers Events, have done quite a good number of Sindhi weddings in recent years and that gave us great insight into their customs & traditions and different kind of events which are done at such high magnitude and are set on a highly enthusiastic and lavish scale.

Like Hindu weddings, Sindhis also observe a number of pre-wedding, wedding and post wedding rituals a brief about which is given below:

Pre – Wedding Rituals

Janya: Janya refers to the sacred thread ceremony where the groom wears a yellow thread and a guru mantra is whispered in his ear by the priest, or the Mehraj as he is generally known in the Sindhi community. Though it is supposed to be conducted in adolescence, most Sindhi men prefer to have this done a day or two before the wedding. A marriage is considered incomplete if the groom has not had the thread ceremony.

Kachchi Misri: The Kachchi Misri refers to the informal engagement between the groom and the bride, where they are given coconuts and mishri as a symbolic acceptance that she/he is the one who belongs to the other family. On this day, shaguns (token gifts) are exchanged by the groom and the bride’s families. Generally, the shagun consists of five types of fruits and kharchi (money) for the bride and groom. Additionally, the girl’s family sends five kilos of mithai (sweets), five coconuts, a basket of fruit, some kada prasad, and a small token amount of money to the boy’s family. On this day, suji sheera is cooked that is later served as prasad. During the main ceremony, the boy’s sister covers the girl’s head with a red-coloured duppata and feeds the suji sheera to her future sister-in-law. This is followed by other relatives feeding suji sheera to the prospective bride.

Pakki Mishri: This refers to the formal engagement ceremony where rings are exchanged between the couple either in a temple or home, but in the presence of the priest. First Ganesh Puja is conducted, which is followed by an Ardas. The groom’s family places a basket full of fruits, clothes, cosmetics or ornaments on the girl’s lap to signify that she has been accepted and to wish her happiness. Then the groom’s sister and sister-in-law put on the girl’s makeup with the new cosmetics that have been specially brought by them. Similarly the girl’s family also brings five kilos of misri in a clay pot that is opened by the boy’s mother. Afterwards, seven married ladies use red powder to make a Ganesha sign on the pot as a way of requesting Lord Ganesh to bless the couple. The ritual of Varmala takes place as the prospective husband and wife exchange garlands while the groom’s family gives a verbal promise of marriage and feeds misri to the girl’s family to confirm the engagement

Berana: Berana refers to a satsang that is held in the name of the Sindhi God, Jhulelal. It signifies the start of the ceremonies for the forthcoming wedding and is usually organized ten days before the wedding.

Dev Bithana: Dev Bithani refers to the installation of a totemic deity of chakki (stone grinder) in the homes of both the bride and the groom during which a Brahmin priest perform a ritual called Banwa. Tilak is applied to the chakki by the family members. After this ceremony, which is usually conducted five-six days before the marriage, the couple is not encouraged to leave their homes and ainars (marriage guards) are appointed for them who are generally their brother – in- laws.

Lada: This ceremony involves the groom’s family inviting all the women in the neighborhood to for a night of fun and merriment where they all sing and the traditional wedding songs to the accompaniment of dholak beats.

Tih: The ceremony of Tih is conducted a day before the marriagewhere a priest, sent over by the girl’s family and carrying a small bag of rice, a coconut, nine dates, 21 sweet nibatas, which are bars of sugar candy one to two inches in size, sugar, cardamom, cloves and a skein of green silk yarn with him, conducts puja along with the groom to pay obeisance to Lord Ganesha and all the planets. He also ratifies and sanctifies the time of the lagna by chanting some holy verses.

Saanth/Wanwas: Conducted separately in the homes of the bride and he groom a day before the wedding, the Saanth ritual involves a puja performed by a Brahmin priest who ties a a challa or anklet around the right foot of the groom/bride. Later seven married women pour oil in the center of the head of the groom/bride after which they are supposed to wear a new shoe on their right foot and try to break an earthern lamp with it. If the groom/bride succeeds, it is a good omen. The ceremony finally comes to an end with their respective families tearing off their clothes as a symbol of bringing in the new and warding off evil.

Mehndi: The mehndi night is an occasion for party and merriment where the ladies of the bride’s house sit together and beautify the bride. Professional mehendi artists are called who apply intricate designs in henna on the hands of the bride and other female members. Sounds of music and dancing fill the air.

Sangeet party: It is like a like a bachelor-cum-maiden party that is usually celebrated after the mehendi night. Professional entertainers are called to regale the guests with great music and dance. It is generally followed by cocktail and dinner.

Saagri: This ritual involves showering the bride with flowers as a form of blessing. The groom’s family members- usually married sisters, cousins and small children go to the bride’s house with jewellery made of mogra and adorn the would-be-bride with them who wears a silk saree. The purpose of the ceremony is so that the bride and her new family get acquainted. In the night, the groom visits the bride’s house, where he is showered with garlands.

Ghari Puja: This puja, quite a long procedure, is supposed to be held simultaneously at the respective homes of the bride and the groom. During the Ghari puja, a prayer is conducted by the priest who uses rice, coconut, wheat grains, oil, betel nuts, turmeric, and a number of other spices. Simultaneously, the married women of the house grind wheat that is a symbol that the home will always remain prosperous. The mothers of both the bride and the groom dress up and carry a clay pot full of water outside the house assisted by her son-in-law. The role of the son- in- law is that of an ainar who is supposed to protect his mother- in-law. After the clay pot is brought back in the house, everyone offers garlands to the parents of the bride/groom while the clay pot is placed in the place of worship. The son-in-law, or ghor as he is now addressed, gives money to the priest after circling it around the pot of water and the bride or the groom. For the bukhi, five kilos of wheat is brought, which the bride and groom (separately in each home) cup in their hands and offer to the pujari 21 times each. The entire quantity of wheat should be finished within the stipulated 21 actions.

Navgrahi Puja: The Navgrahi puja refers to the worship of Ganesha Puja, Omkar Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Kalash Puja followed by the nine planets. The gods are welcomed as guests in the houses of the couple; they are offered milk, food, water, and light. Performed on the morning of the day before the marriage, this Sindhi ritual requires the presence of the maternal uncle, paternal uncle and brother of the bride. And these pujas can only be conducted in the girl’s house after the navgrahi puja gets over at the groom’s house.

Wedding Rituals

Haldi ceremony: A ritual followed by both the bride and the groom, this involves the family members pouring oil and haldi all over the groom’s/bride’s bodies and hair as a form of purification. After the ceremony, the couple cannot leave the house.

Garo Dhago: A red thread is tied on wrist of the bride/groom, their parents and all the family relatives would take part in the wedding ceremony later on.

Preparing the groom: A ribbon is tied to the groom’s hair by the priest to protect him from the evil eye. Then a red cloth is placed around his neck that contains a coconut tied to an end. Another white cloth is also placed whose one end is tied up in a bundle comprising of with karchi (lucky money), rice, and elachi. Afterwards, the bride’s brother and other female relative go to the groom’ s house to accost him and his family to the wedding venue.

Baraat: The groom is placed on the horse and a sehra is tied to his forehead. The groom’s mother holds a lamp lit for the household deity, makes oblations of grain to the crown worn by the groom. Then they set forth for the marriage venue along with a band of musicians.

Swaagat: Swaagat refers to the welcome accorded by the bride’s family to the wedding entourage. As the barrat is being received, the bride gazes at the groom’s turnab form a window of the house but is careful not to look at his face. The women in the barat entourage are welcomed by vermilion. The bride comes out to receive the groom where he places his foot on hers to denote his dominating strength in their future life together

Paon Dhulai: The bride’s brother conducts the ritual of washing the feet of the bride and the groom. It is believed that due to all the prayers that have preceded this moment, the groom is an embodiment of Lord Vishnu on this wedding day. The couple is then seated with a screen between them so that they cannot see each other. Their feet are then washed in a bronze thaali with raw milk. The priest then measures the feet of both the groom and the bride with a thread kept by the bride.

Wedding Ceremony

After the Pao Dhulai ritual is over, the couples face each other and exchange garlands. Then the white cloth that was placed around the groom’s neck is put around the bride’s while being tied to the groom’s red cloth. Simultaneously their right hands are tied together with a sacred thread as the couple prays to God for lifelong happiness and strength. As the holy fire is ignited, the priests starts chanting a series of holy verses prayers taken from the Holy Scriptures to God. It includes prayers to Lord Ganesh, Laxmi, and the 64 devis to bless the couple. Then the couple walks around the fire. A Sindhi wedding involves only four pheras. After the pheras are over, kanyadan is performed by the bride’s parents, which is denoted through the holy water flowing from the parents’ hands into the groom’s hands through the bride’s. The last of the Sindhi wedding rituals, Saptapadi is performed when the couple places their right foot on seven small piles of rice. Afterwards, they touch the feet of the elders to seek their blessings.

Post Wedding Rituals

Vidai: After the wedding, the bride and the groom are entrusted to the care of the bride’s brothers, and the baraat leaves for the groom’s house. Gifts are given at the time of Vidai by the bride’s father. The newlyweds arrive separately by different routes. As they approach the house, drums are beaten to announce their arrival. The women of the house receive them.

Datar: The rinsing of the bride’s feet at the threshold of her new home by the groom’s parents is the beginning of the Datar ritual. Then the new bride enters the house and sprinkles milk in all corners of the house, following which she places a handful of salt in her husband’s hand. He passes it back into her hands without spilling any salt. This ritual of Datar is done three times and then the bride repeats this ritual with all the other present family members.

Chhanar/ Dev Uthana: The ritual of Chhanar involves the removal of the chakki that was instated during the Dev Bithana ritual before the wedding. Conducted a day after marriage, in this the couple pray before the household Gods after which they are fed feeds seven mouthfuls of rice, sugar, and milk.

Reception/ Sataurah: The boy’s family holds a reception on the evening following the wedding. Some families tend to have the reception and the wedding on the same day. Traditionally, after a short visit by the bride’s father to her in-laws’ house, the couple, at an auspicious time fixed by the priest, pays a visit to the paternal home of the bride.

Image Courtesy : Tilting Tripods

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